Beyond Walls One of the most important issues that haunts the current Philippine Congress is the presence of political dynasties. Read a scholarly article at http://www. researchgate. net/publication/228276641_An_Empiri cal_Analysis_of_Political Dynasties_in_the_1 5th_Philippine Congress and then answer the questions that follow.
1. How did the authors look at political dynasties in the Philippines? Do you agree with them?
2. What is the relationship between the presence of political dynasties and issues of standards of living, human development, and inequality?
3. Why do you think the Congress fails to enact a law that enables the constitutional provision against political dynasties in the Philippine?
Pa answer po. i brainlest kung sino makaka sagot ng tama : )
1.Political dynasties have long been a feature of the Philippine political landscape. They are typically characterized as families that have established their political or economic dominance in a province and have coordinated efforts to move on to involvement in national government or other positions of national politics that treats people prominence. Political dynasties usually have a strong, consolidated support base concentrated around the province in which they are dominant. Members of such dynasties usually do not limit their involvement to strictly political activities, and have been found participating in business or culture-related activities."
2.Democracies are widely touted to be able to facilitate and sustain broader and more inclusive processes of economic and human development. Scholars associate political democracy with more predictable long-run economic growth, enhanced macroeconomic stability, more rational management of economic and political shocks and crises, and improved distributional outcomes. In theory, democracies guarantee equal voice in government decision-making through a range of mechanisms like one-person-one-vote, equality in political participation, and free speech. A democracy has the potential to cultivate an environment that is responsive to the needs of its citizens that, often, brings about higher levels of human capital investments and more inclusive and equitable social and economic outcomes. However, underdeveloped democratic institutions could be associated with weak political participation and thus produce, in some cases, political dynasties. Still, political dynasties can exist in any democracy regardless of its structure. A brief survey of the literature suggests that the share of legislators with dynastic links to past parliaments range from as low as 6 percent in the United States (Dal Bo et al. 2009) or 10 percent in Argentina (Rossi 2009) to as high as 37 to 40 percent in Japan and Mexico (Asako et al. 2010). In the case of the Philippines, the share of political dynasties is estimated between 50 percent (Querubin 2010a) and 70 percent (calculations of the authors) if the links to the local government units are included in the count.
3.These developments – in the central bureaucracy and local patron-client relations, as well as in the expansion of governmental economic responsibilities – highlight the seeming strengthening of patrimonial features within the postcolonial Philippine state. Because these patterns became more pronounced in recent times, as access to the state began to be more important for securing patronage and rents, the term neopatrimonial helps to capture the historical sequence.
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