false, it's ethnomethodology based on a book on google called an introduction to qualitative research
by uwe flick
in the first stanza, at the start of the poem okara writes “they used to laugh with their hearts and… eyes; but now they only laugh with their teeth while their ice-block cold eyes search behind my shadow.” this phrase illustrates the change in the way people act showing that their laughs used to be genuine and heartfelt however now their attitudes have changed. the description of “laugh with their teeth” illustrates someone showing false interest. the dark imagery “ice-block cold eyes” which follows shows that there is no emotion or feeling in the action.
in the next stanza okara describes how “they used to shake hands with their hearts” implying that the actions were genuine and were also symbolic of good intentions however “now they shake hands without hearts while their left hands search my empty pockets.” this phrase illustrates that all good intentions have gone and how now it is every man for him. everybody is only focusing on their own personal gain. the use of a metaphor emphasises how there is a lack of trust as everybody is trying to use each other.
well, i don't know with the other countries but i know the connection between the philippines and the us were stopped by the japanese meaning no us merchandise nor newspapers which led to shortage of foreign merchandise and lack of money (or something like